Let an unbiased panel form the most important hydroelectric dam in Africa
Scientists who examine Nile hydrology have in all probability heard the story of their tenth century predecessor, the mathematician and physicist Ibn al-Haytham. The Egyptian ruler requested al-Haytham to dam the river, however that turned out to be an excessive amount of of a technical problem. Fearing the anger of the caliph, al-Haytham would have simulated the illness to not be punished.
Thankfully, the scientists presently advising Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan on the Nice Ethiopian Renaissance Dam don’t face the identical dangers. However they’re nonetheless below strain as a result of the negotiations between the three international locations – and particularly between Egypt and Ethiopia – are at a useless finish.
Ethiopia mentioned the hydro dam was urgently wanted, as two-thirds of the nation had been with out energy for too lengthy. Egypt is much less in a rush. Ninety p.c of its freshwater comes from the Nile and it fears that the dam will create a water scarcity for its 100 million folks over the following 5 to seven years wanted to fill the dam reservoir. Final week, Egypt determined to ask one other nation to settle the dispute – the US being its most popular selection. Ethiopia rejects this proposal. This can be a regrettable flip of occasions. Mediation could also be vital, however it’s too early. International locations are nonetheless awaiting the outcomes of an unbiased scientific threat evaluation of the dam for downstream international locations.
In 2015, Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan determined group of specialists, the Nationwide Impartial Scientific Analysis Group (NISRG), would assess the environmental influence of the dam's most popular development schedule by every nation. The group meets commonly and prepares to supply a consensus report and make suggestions. However Egypt's determination to hunt mediation earlier than scientists have had time to report places NISRG in a fragile place: researchers representing Egypt, specifically, might really feel compelled to nothing to put in writing or say that would undermine the bargaining place of their authorities.
Fairly than partaking immediately in mediation, international locations ought to let their scientific advisers perform the duty entrusted to them. Researchers must be allowed to publish their outcomes for evaluation by all involved, together with the residents of the three international locations, who will probably be most affected by the dam.
Worldwide participation could also be vital if scientific advisors are unable to supply a consensus report or, as soon as revealed conclusions, political leaders refuse or are unable to vary their positions. However till then, Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan should let the researchers end the work they’ve been assigned.