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Symbiotic algae present the corals with vitamins, oxygen and brilliant colours.Credit score: Kimberly Jeffries / Coral Reef Picture Financial institution

A serious sea warmth wave that started in August has the impact of bleaching corals throughout Hawaii, and scientists are watching the devastation with unprecedented particulars. They use a community of 140 small satellites and experimental deep studying algorithms to trace the occasion in close to actual time. The method goals to assist determine the place the reefs are most in want of safety and to find the elements that make some corals extra resilient than others.

Nature | four min learn

Göran Hansson, director of the Swedish Royal Academy of Sciences, who presents the awards, has nominated extra ladies for Nobel prizes this yr, following adjustments to encourage a lot of candidates. Of the 607 Nobel Prizes awarded for science, solely 20 went to ladies. The academy tried to deal with the imbalance – for instance by explicitly asking proponents to think about gender range, geography and subjects – and final yr, extra ladies than males have been elected to the academy for the very first time. The primary winners for 2019 can be introduced on Monday.

Nature | 5 min studying

Consuming extra natural dishes on the menu encourages individuals to eat much less meat – and the impact is bigger among the many greatest meat lovers. The researchers analyzed hundreds of meals served within the cafeterias of the College of Cambridge. They discovered that doubling the proportion of meatless choices elevated gross sales of those meals as much as 80%, with out decreasing the variety of meals bought. The rise within the variety of natural meals was the most important amongst those that typically feared vegetarian meals.

Highlights of Nature Analysis | 1 min learn

Reference: PNAS paper

Get extra highlights of analysis in nature: some excerpts from the scientific literature.

CHARACTERISTICS AND ADVICE

Failure early in your scientific profession may improve your long-term success. The researchers examined junior scientists who had simply missed a US Nationwide Institutes of Well being R01 grant and located that they have been extra more likely to write a high-impact article later than those that had narrowly received. funding. That’s to say, in the event that they stayed in science: narrowly dropping the distinguished subsidy additionally drastically will increase the speed of attrition. Attrition is maybe one of many causes for the overall impact: those that don’t quit smoking have the braveness and different qualities essential to triumph.

Harvard Enterprise Overview | 5 min studying

Reference: Nature Communications paper

Strawberry-poisoned feminine frogs (Oophaga pumilio) desire mates of the identical colour as their mom – whereas male frogs are extra aggressive in the direction of their rival, who’ve the identical colour as their mom. Biologist Yusan Yang explains to Nature podcast how the impact can act equally to pure choice to keep up the variation of traits and preferences of the accomplice.

Podcast Nature | 25 min listening

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Reference: nature paper

BOOKS AND ARTS

Regardless of stereotypes, menopausal and previous ladies not often report emotions of "incapacity" or impotence.Credit score: Jeff Pachoud / AFP / Getty

In her new guide, The Gradual Moon Climbs, historian Susan Mattern seeks to vary the notion of menopause, highlighting the pure good thing about residing effectively past the years of procreation. Critic Julia Prague, an endocrinologist, explains that the advantages of this variation are evident by way of her personal analysis with ladies profiting from their rebirth and not using a interval. However Prague questions Mattern's concept that most of the much less nice unwanted side effects of menopause are cultural constructs.

Nature | 5 min studying

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