Two-thirds of researchers report "strain to cite" in Nature survey
A web-based survey of over four,300 Nature readers indicated that almost all researchers felt compelled by peer reviewers to quote research that appeared pointless.
Readers have been requested: "Have you ever ever felt the strain of peer reviewers to cite seemingly superfluous research in your work?", To which 66% answered "sure" and 34% answered "no" (see "Coercive Quotation"). ? ").
The ballot accompanied a report final month, revealing that the Dutch writer Elsevier had found that a small proportion of teachers reviewing articles in his journals have been exploiting the analysis course of by asking the authors to consult with the articles of their authors in alternate for a constructive report.
This apply is often known as "coercive quotation" and should contain overview writers or peer reviewers who strain authors to quote particular research to extend their citations or their impression issue. overview.
Eric Fong, who research administration on the College of Alabama in Huntsville and has studied pressured citation, says that reviewers have a variety of energy within the publication course of. "I acknowledge that the strain could be delicate and that feedback could be written in a approach that provides them a professional look, which might push them past the editor," says Fong. He provides that if the authors really feel that including these citations is important to get a constructive critique, journal publishers should assume a number of the blame for the issue.
The proportion of researchers reporting such a strain within the final survey is greater than in different surveys. In a 2012 survey of greater than 6,600 social scientists and enterprise researchers, one in 5 publishers was requested by journal editors to incorporate pointless citations, doubtlessly to enhance visibility and the issue impression of their title. And in a survey carried out in 2017 with greater than 12,000 teachers, about 14% of respondents reported pressured citations.
The distinction might be defined by the restrictions of the Nature survey: respondents self-selected and those that have been or within the binding quotes have been extra more likely to reply. The query of whether or not the citations are "superfluous" will most likely be subjective in some instances, and respondents weren’t requested if the reviewers requested that their very own research be cited.