Nature News

Wilderness areas halve the chance of extinction of terrestrial biodiversity

1.

Johnson, C.N. et al. Losses of biodiversity and conservation responses within the Anthropocene. Science 356, 270-275 (2017).

2

Steffen, W. et al. Planetary borders: guiding human growth on a altering planet. Science 347, 1259855 (2015).

three

Cardinale, B.J. et al. The lack of biodiversity and its affect on humanity. Nature 486, 59-67 (2012).

four

Ceballos, G., Ehrlich, P. & Dirzo, R. Organic annihilation by the sixth ongoing mass extinction, reported by losses and decline of the vertebrate inhabitants. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 114, E6089 to E6096 (2017).

5

Watson, J.E.M. et al. Persistent disparities between current conversion and habitat safety charges and their implications for future world conservation targets. Conserv. Lett. 9, 413-421 (2016).

6

Venter, O. et al. Sixteen years of change within the human footprint and its implications for biodiversity conservation. Nat. Frequent. 7, 12558 (2016).

seven.

Newbold, T. et al. Has land use pushed terrestrial biodiversity past the boundaries of the planet? An total evaluation. Science 353, 288-291 (2016).

eight

Di Marco, M., Venter, O., Possingham, H.P. and Watson, J.E.M. Modifications within the human footprint end in adjustments within the extinction danger of the species. Nat. Frequent. 9, 4621 (2018).

9

Mittermeier, R.A. et al. Wilderness and conservation of biodiversity. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 100, 10309-10313 (2003).

ten.

Watson, J.E.M. et al. Catastrophic declines in wilderness areas are undermining world environmental targets. Curr. Biol. 26, 2929-2934 (2016).

11

Allan, J. R., Venter, O. & Watson, J. E. M., Briefly inter-comparable maps of the terrestrial wilderness and the final of nature. Sci. Information four, 170187 (2017).

12

Watson, J.E.M. et al. Shield the final of nature. Nature 563, 27-30 (2018).

13

Clark, J. A. & Could, R. M. Taxonomic Bibliography in Conservation Analysis. Science 297, 191-192 (2002).

14

Di Marco, M. et al. Altering developments and chronic biases after three many years of conservation science. Glob. Faculty. Conserv. 10, 32-42 (2017).

15

Chapman, Variety of Residing Species in Australia and Worldwide, http://www.atmosphere.gov.au/biodiversity/abrs/publications/different/species-numbers/2009/06-references.html (Report of Australian Sources Research Fee, Canberra, 2009).

16

Bar-On, Y.M., Phillips, R. and Milo, R. The distribution of biomass on Earth. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 115, 6506-6511 (2018).

17

Hoskins, A.J. et al. Supporting the evaluation of world biodiversity by means of excessive decision macroecological modeling: the methodological foundation of the BILBI framework. Preprint at https://www.biorxiv.org/content material/10.1101/309377v3 (2019).

18

Ferrier, S., G. Manion, J. Elith and Ok. Richardson. Use of generalized dissimilarity modeling to research and predict developments in beta variety within the evaluation of regional biodiversity. Varied Distrib. 13, 252-264 (2007).

19

Ferrier, S. et al. Mapping terrestrial biodiversity additional for an evaluation of world conservation. Bioscience 54, 1101-1109 (2004).

20

Allnutt, T.F. et al. A way of quantifying the lack of biodiversity and its utility to a file of 50 years of deforestation in Madagascar. Conserv. Lett. 1, 173-181 (2008).

21

Di Marco, M. et al. Projection of world local weather impacts and land-use eventualities on plant biodiversity utilizing compositional rotation modeling. Glob. Chang. Biol. 25, 2763-2778 (2019).

22

Olson, D. M. et al. The terrestrial ecoregions of the world: a brand new map of life on earth. Bioscience 51, 933-938 (2001).

23

Sodhi, N.S., Koh, L.P. Brook, B.W. & Ng, P.L. L. Biodiversity in Southeast Asia: An imminent catastrophe. Traits Ecol. Evol. 19, 654-660 (2004).

24

IUCN & UNEP – WCMC. The World Database on Protected Areas (WDPA), July / 2018 model, www.protectedplanet.web (UNEP – WCMC, Cambridge, 2018).

25

Potapov, P. et al. The final frontiers of wilderness: monitoring the lack of intact forest landscapes from 2000 to 2013. Sci. Adv. three, e1600821 (2017).

26

Gorenflo, L.J., Romaine, S., Mittermeier, R.A. and Walker-Painemilla, Ok. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 109, 8032-8037 (2012).

27

Pimm, S.L., Jenkins, C.N. and Li, B.V. Learn how to defend half of the Earth to make sure enough biodiversity. Sci. Adv. four, eaat2616 (2018).

28

CBD. Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 (CBD, 2010).

29

Mappin, B. et al. Restoration Priorities to Obtain the World Protected Space Goal. Conserv. Lett. 12, e 12646 (2019).

30

United Nations Common Meeting. Reworking Our World: The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Growth, A / RES / 70/1 (UN Common Meeting, 2015).

31.

Kim, H. et al. Intercomparison Protocol for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Providers Fashions Utilizing Harmonized Situations for Land Use and Local weather. Geosci. Mannequin Dev. 11, 4537-4562 (2018).

32

Leclère, D. et al. In the direction of trails shaking the Earth's developments in Earth's biodiversity pattern within the 21st century (IIASA, 2018).

33

Ware, C. et al. Enhancing biodiversity proxy indicators for conservation evaluation: a check of the strategies and worth of focused organic surveys. Varied Distrib. 24, 1333-1346 (2018).

34

Hijmans, R.J., Cameron, S.E., Parra, J.L., Jones, P.G. and Jarvis, A. Interpolated local weather surfaces at very excessive decision for world terrestrial areas. Int. J. Climatol. 25, 1965-1978 (2005).

35

Hengl, T. et al. SoilGrids1km – world soil data primarily based on automated mapping. PLoS ONE 9, e105992 (2014).

36

Amatulli, G. et al. A set of world multi-scale topographic variables for modeling the atmosphere and biodiversity. Sci. Information 5, 180040 (2018).

37

Ferrier, S., Harwood, T., Williams, KJ and Dunlop, M. Utilizing a generalized mannequin of dissimilarity to evaluate the potential impacts of local weather change on Australia's biodiversity composition and system representativeness Nationwide Reserves (CSIRO) Paper Sequence 13E) (CSIRO, Canberra, 2012).

38

Hoskins, A.J. et al. Lower within the measurement of land use information to offer world estimates of 30 '' for 5 land use courses. Faculty. Evol. 6, 3040-3055 (2016).

39

Hurtt, G.C. et al. Harmonization of Land Use Situations for the 1500-2100 Interval: 600 years of deliberate annual land use, timber harvesting and secondary landslide transitions. Clim. Change 109, 117-161 (2011).

40

Joint Analysis Middle of the European Fee and Worldwide Middle for Earth Sciences Data Community of Columbia College. GHS inhabitants grid, derived from GPW4, multitemporal (1975, 1990, 2000, 2015), http://information.europa.eu/89h/jrc-ghsl-ghs_pop_gpw4_globe_r2015a (2015).

41

Pesaresi, M. et al. Landsat-derived SGH grid, multi-temporal (1975, 1990, 2000, 2014) https://ec.europa.eu/jrc/en/publication/ghs-built-grid-derived-landsat-multitemporal-1975- 1990- 2000-2014-ir2017-v10 (2015).

42

DiMiceli, C.M. et al. Automated MODIS steady annual vegetation fields (MOD44B) at a spatial decision of 250 m for information years starting on day 65, 2000-2010 (2011).

43

Hudson, L. N. et al. The PREDICTS mission database (Projection of ecological variety responses in evolving terrestrial methods). Faculty. Evol. 7, 145-188 (2017).

44

Hill, S. L. L. et al. World affect of previous and future adjustments in land use on native species richness and the integrity index of biodiversity. Preprint at https://www.biorxiv.org/content material/10.1101/311787v1 (2018).

45

Drielsma, M., Ferrier, S. and Manion, G. A matrix-based habitat configuration evaluation method: the cost-benefit strategy. Faculty. Modell. 202, 324-332 (2007).

46

Chaudhary, A. & Mooers, A. Lack of terrestrial vertebrate biodiversity in future land-use change eventualities. Sturdiness 10, 2764 (2018).

47

Venter, O. et al. World maps of the terrestrial human footprint for 1993 and 2009. Sci. Information three, 160067 (2016).

48.

Butchart, S.H.M. et al. Gaps and Options to Obtain Nationwide and World Conservation Space Targets. Conserv. Lett. eight, 329-337 (2015).

49

Cohen, J. Statistical Evaluation of Energy for the Behavioral Sciences, 2nd ed. (Educational, 1988).

50

GRASS growth group. Geographic Useful resource Evaluation Help System (GRASS GIS) software program, model 7.2, http://grass.osgeo.org (2017).

51.

QGIS growth group. QGIS Geographic Data System, http://qgis.osgeo.org (2017).

52.

R Core Group. A: A Language and Atmosphere for Statistical Computing, https://www.r-project.org/ (2018).

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *