Nature News

Fossil insect eyes spotlight optics of trilobites and arthropod pigment sieve


Lee, M.S. Y. et al. Trendy optics within the exceptionally preserved eyes of the early Cambrian arthropods of Australia. Nature 474, 631-634 (2011).


Paterson, J. R. et al. Acute imaginative and prescient in Cambodian large predator Anomalocaris and the origin of compound eyes. Nature 480, 237-240 (2011).


Anderson, R.P., McCoy, V.E., McNamara, M.E. & Briggs, D.EgG. What massive eyes do you might have: the ecological position of large pterygotid eurypterides. Biol. Lett. 10, 20140412 (2014).


Towe, Okay. M. Trilobite eyes: calcified lenses in vivo. Science 179, 1007-1009 (1973).


Gál, J., Horváth, G., Clarkson, E.N.Okay. and Haiman, O. Bifocal Lens Imaging in a Trilobite Eye? Imaginative and prescient Res. 40, 843-853 (2000).


Schoenemann, B., Clarkson, E.N.Okay. and Horváth, G. Why did UV-A-induced photoluminescent blue-green glow in eyes and trilobite exoskeletons trigger trilobite issues? Peer J. Three, e1492 (2015).


Schoenemann, B. & Clarkson, E. N. Okay. Imaginative and prescient in fossilized eyes. Earth Environ. Sci. Trans. R. Soc. Edinb. 106, 209-220 (2017).


Land, M.F. & Nilsson, D.-E. Animal Eyes (Oxford Univ Press, 2002).


Schoenemann, B., Pärnaste, H. and Clarkson, E. N. Okay. Construction and performance of an eye fixed composed greater than half a billion years in the past. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 114, 13489-13494 (2017).


Nilsson, D.-E. & Kelber, A. A useful evaluation of the evolution of the compound eye. Arthropod Struct. Dev. 36, 373-385 (2007).


Vopalensky, P. & Kozmik, Z. Evolution of imaginative and prescient: present use and impartial recruitment of genetic elements. Phil Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B 364, 2819-2832 (2009).


Clements, T. et al. Tullimonstrum's eyes reveal a vertebrate affinity. Nature 532, 500-503 (2016).


Ziegler, I. Genetic facets of pigments ommochrome and pterin. Adv. Broom. 10, 349-403 (1961).


Struwe, G., Hallberg, E. and Elofsson, R. Bodily and morphological properties of the pigment sieve within the eye composed of a shrimp (Crustacea). J. Comp. Physiol. 97, 257-270 (1975).


Lindgren, J. et al. Molecular conservation of melanin pigment in fossil melanosomes. Nat. Widespread. Three, 824 (2012).


Glass, Okay. et al. Direct chemical proof of the eumelanin pigment of the Jurassic interval. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 109, 10218-10223 (2012).


Pedersen, G.Okay. et al. Molerområdets geologi – sediment, fossil, askelag og glacialtektonik. Geologisk Tidsskrift 2011, 41-135 (2011).


Freiwald, A. Insekten aus der Fur-Formation von Dänemark (Moler, ob Paleozän / Unt.Eozän?). Four. Tipulidae. Meyniana 42, 47-63 (1990).


Krzemiński, W. New fossil Tipuloidea (Diptera) of the Fur Formation of Denmark within the assortment of the Pure Historical past Museum in London. Polish J. Entomol. 70, 333-339 (2001).


Williams, D. S. Group of the attention composed of a tipulid fly through the day and night time. Zoomorphology 95, 85-104 (1980).


Ito, S. et al. Usefulness of alkaline oxidation of hydrogen peroxide to research eumelanin and pheomelanin in numerous tissue samples: software to the chemical evaluation of hair melanins in people. Pigment Cell Melanoma Res. 24, 605-613 (2011).


Oakley, T. H. & Speiser, D. I. How complexity is on the origin: the evolution of animal eyes. Annu. Rev. Faculty. Evol. Syst. 46, 237-260 (2015).


Needham, A. E. The significance of zoochromes (Springer, 1974).


Ren, D., Shih, C., T. Gao, Yao, Y. and Zhao, Y. Silent Tales – Fossilized Insect Treasures of the Dinosaur Period of Northeast China (Science , 2010).


Clarkson, E., Levi-Setti, R. and Horvath, G. The eyes of the trilobites: the oldest preserved visible system. Arthropod Struct. Dev. 35, 247-259 (2006).


Nilsson, D.-E. in Sides of Imaginative and prescient (eds Stavenga, D. G. and Hardie, R.C.) 30-73 (Springer, 1989).


Speiser, D.I., Eernisse, D.J. and Johnsen, S. A chiton makes use of aragonite lenses to type pictures. Curr. Biol. 21, 665-670 (2011).


Alagboso, F. I., Reisecker C., Hild, S. & Ziegler, A. Ultrastructure and mineral composition of the cornea cuticle within the compound eyes of a supralittoral and marine isopod. J. Struct. Biol. 187, 158-173 (2014).


Fabritius, H.-O. et al. Practical adaptation of exoskeletal crustacean parts to structural and compositional variety: mixed experimental and theoretical research. Bioinspir. Biomim. 11, 055006 (2016).


Ahlberg, P., Szaniawski, H., Clarkson, E.N.Okay. & Bengtson, S. Trilobites of Phosphatic Olenides and Related Fauna of the Higher Cambrian of Västergötland, Sweden. Acta Palaeontol. Pol. 50, 429-440 (2005).


Novellino, L., Napolitano, A. and Prota, G. Isolation and characterization of mammalian eumelanins from hair and iris. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1475, 295-306 (2000).


Butenandt, A., Schiedt, U. & Biekert, E. Über Ommochrome, III. Mitteilung: Synthesis of Xanthommatins. Justus Liebigs Ann. Chem. 588, 106-116 (1954).


from Ischia, M. et al. Melanins and melanogenesis: strategies, requirements, protocols. Pigment Cell Melanoma Res. 26, 616-633 (2013).


Thiel, V. & Sjövall, P. in Ideas and Follow of Analytical Strategies in Geoscience (Grice, Okay.) 122-170 (Royal Society of Chemistry, 2015).


Lindgren, J. et al. The pigmentation of the pores and skin testifies to a melanism convergent in extinct marine reptiles. Nature 506, 484-488 (2014).


Lindgren, J. et al. Interpretation of melanin-based staining in deep time: important examination. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 282, 20150614 (2015).


Lindgren, J. et al. Tender tissue proof for homeothermy and crypsis in a Jurassic ichthyosaur. Nature 564, 359-365 (2018).


Wakamatsu, Okay., Ito, S. and Rees, J. L. The utility of Four-amino-Three-hydroxyphenylalanine as a particular marker for pheomelanin. Pigment Cell Res. 15, 225-232 (2002).


Carson, F.L. & Cappellano, C.H. Histotechnology: A textbook of self-instruction (American Society of Medical Pathologists, 2015).

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *