Nature News

Deep roots for mid-oceanic dorsal volcanoes revealed by fusion inclusions hosted in plagioclase


Crisp, J. A. Price of emplacement of magma and volcanic output. J. Volcanol. Géotherm. Res. 20, 177-211 (1984).


Shaw, A., Behn, D., Humphris, SE, Sohn, A. and Gregg, PM Deep soften and circulate clustering within the 85 ° E phase of Gakkel Ridge: proof of inclusions forged iron and glasses hosted in olivine. Earth. Sci. Lett. 289, 311-322 (2010).


Wanless, VD, Behn, MD, Shaw, AM and Plank, T. Variations in soften dynamics and mantle composition alongside the jap volcanic zone of Gakkel Ridge: info on fusion inclusions hosted by of olivine. Contrib. Mineral. Essence. 167, 1005 (2014).


Colman, A., Sinton, J.M. & Wanless, V.D. Constraints associated to soften inclusions on the depths of the Magmatic Reservoir at intermediate magma provide alongside the Galapagos propagation heart. Earth. Sci. Lett. 412, 122-131 (2015).


Wanless, V. D. & Shaw, A. M. Crustalization of the decrease crust and evolution of the soften on the ocean ridges. Nat. Geosci. 5, 651-655 (2012).


Wanless, V.D. et al. The magmatic plumbing of the Fortunate Strike volcano is predicated on molten inclusion compositions containing olivine. Geochem. Geosystem Geosyst. 16, 126 to 147 (2015).


Wanless, V. D. & Behn, M. D. Unfold of crystallization variations within the international ocean ridges system. Geochem. Geosystem Geosyst. 18, 3016-3033 (2017).


Schlindwein, V. & Schmid, F. The seismicity of the mid-oceanic ridge reveals excessive sorts of oceanic lithosphere. Nature 535, 276-279 (2016).


Chen, Y. J. and Lin, J. Excessive sensitivity of the thermal construction of the oceanic spine to adjustments in magma feed: the middle of Galapagos spreading. Earth. Sci. Lett. 221, 263-273 (2004).


Phipps Morgan, J. and Chen, Y. J. The genesis of the oceanic crust: magma injection, hydrothermal circulation and crustal circulate. J. Geophys. Res. 98, 6283-62 (1993).


Lissenberg, C.J. & MacLeod, C.J. A reactive porous circulate management on the magmatic evolution of the oceanic ridge. J. Petrol. 57, 2195-222 (2016).


Kent, A. J. R. Inclusions of forged iron in basalt and associated volcanic rocks. Rev. Mineral. Geochem. 69, 273-31 (2008).


Kress, V.C. & Ghiorso, M. S. Thermodynamic modeling of post-trapping crystallization in igneous phases. J. Volcanol. Géotherm. Res. 137, 247-260 (2004).


Neave, D.A., Hartley, M.E., Maclennan, J., Edmonds, M. & Thordarson, T. Mild risky and lithophilic parts in fusion inclusions hosted in excessive anorthite plagioclase in Iceland. GEOCHIM. Cosmochim. Acta 205, 100-118 (2017).


Maclennan, J. Bubble formation and decrepitation management the CO2 content material of soften inclusions containing olivine. Geochem. Geosystem Geosyst. 18, 597-616 (2017).


Grove, T.L., Baker, M. B. & Kinzler, R. J. CaAl-NaSi Coupled Diffusion in Plagioclase Feldspar: Experiments and Purposes at Cooling Price. GEOCHIM. Cosmochim. Acta 48, 2113-2121 (1984).


Chakraborty, S. Fe-Mg inter-diffusion charges and mechanisms in olivine between 980 and 1300 ° C. J. Geophys. Res. 102, 12317 (1997).


Bryan, W. B. Systematic assemblages of modal phenocrysts in submarine basalts: petrological implications. Contrib. Mineral. Essence. 83, 62-74 (1983).


Welsch, B., Hammer, J. and Hellebrand, E. Phosphorus zoning reveals the dendritic structure of olivine. Geology 42, 867-870 (2014).


Matthews, S., Shorttle, O., Rudge, JF and Maclennan, J. Carbon within the mantle: the systematics of hint parts of CO2 in basalts and the position of magma mixing and degassing. Earth. Sci. Lett. 480, 1-14 (2017).


Lowenstern, J. B. in Magmas, Fluids and Mineral Deposits, Vol. 23, 71-99 (Mineralogical Society of Canada, 1995).


Anderson, A.T. & Brown, G.G. CO2 content material and formation pressures of some kilaueal solid inclusions. A m. Mineral. 78, 794-803 (1993).


Wallace, P.J., Kamenetsky, V.S. and Cervantes, P.Fusions of CO2 inclusion, pressures of crystallization of olivine and the issue of shrinkage bubbles. A m. Mineral. 100, 787-794 (2015).


Roedder, E. Liquid inclusions of CO2 in olivine nodules and basalt phenocrysts. A m. Mineral. 50, 356-366 (1965).


Portnyagin, M.V., Plechov, P.Y., Matveev, S.V., Osipenko, A.B. & Mironov, N.L. Petrology of the Avachites, excessive magnesia basalts of the Avachinsky volcano, Kamchatka: I. Basic traits and composition of rocks and minerals. Petrologiya 13, 99-121 (2005).


Roedder, E. Fluid Inclusions (Mineralogical Society of America, 1984).


Helo, C., Longpre, M.-A., Shimizu, N., Clague, D.A. and Stix, J. Explosive eruptions on the ocean ridges pushed by CO2-rich magmas. Nat. Geosci. four, 260-263 (2011).


Michael, P.J. & Graham, D.W Conduct and focus of CO2 within the suboceanic mantle: deductions from oceanic island basalts and non-degassed ridges. Lithos 236-237, 338-351 (2015).


Hartley, M.E., Maclennan, J., Edmonds, M., and Thordarson, T. Reconstruction of CO2 Deep Degassing Conduct in Massive Basaltic Crack Rashes. Earth. Sci. Lett. 393, 120-131 (2014).


Voyer, M., Kelley, Ok.A., Cottrell, E. & Hauri, E.H. Heterogeneity of mantle carbon content material from undersaturated basalts to CO2. Nat. Frequent. eight, 14062 (2017).


Shishkina, T.A., Botcharnikov, R.E., Holtz, F., Almeev, R.R. and Portnyagin, M.V. Solubility of H2O and CO2 containing fluids in tholeiitic basalts at pressures as much as 500 MPa. Chem. Geol. 277, 115-125 (2010).


Jenner, F. E. & O'Neill, H. S. C. Main and Hint Evaluation of Basaltic Lenses by ICP-MS Laser Ablation. Geochem. Geosystem Geosyst. 13, Q03003 (2012).


Sobolev, A. V. and Shimizu, N. Extremely-depleted major fudge embedded in an olivine of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Nature 363, 151-154 (1993).


Berry, A.J., Stewart, G.A., O'Neill, H.S.C., Mallmann, G. & Mosselmans, J.FW. A reassessment of the oxidation state of iron in MORB glasses. Earth. Sci. Lett. 483, 114-123 (2018).


Hartley, ME, Bali, E., J. MacLennan, D. Neave and A. Halldorsson, SA Soften the inclusion constraints associated to the risky systematics and the historical past of degassing of the eruption of Holuhraun 2014-2015, Iceland. Contrib. Mineral. Essence. 173, 10 (2018).


Lehnert, Ok., Su, Y., Langmuir, C.H., Sarbas, B. and Nohl, U. A worldwide geochemical database construction for rocks. Geochem. Geosystem Geosyst. 1, 1012 (2000).


Lissenberg, C.J., MacLeod, C.J. & Bennett, E.N. Penalties of a crystalline dominated magma plumbing system: a perspective of the oceanic spine. Phil Trans. R. Soc. A (2018).


Dixon, J. E. and Stolper, E. M. Experimental examine of the solubilities of water and carbon dioxide in basaltic liquids of the oceanic ridge. Half II: Degassing purposes. J. Petrol. 36, 1633-1646 (1995).


Ghiorso, M. S. & Gualda, G. A. R. A blended H2O-CO2 fluid saturation mannequin suitable with rhyolite-MELTS. Contrib. Mineral. Essence. 169, 53 (2015).


Newman, S. & Lowenstern, J. B. Unstable Calc: a mannequin of molten silicate resolution – H2O – CO2 written in Visible Primary for Excel. Comput. Geosci. 28, 597-604 (2002).


Shishkina, T. A. et al. Composition and strain results on the solubility of H2O and CO2 in mafic mixtures. Chem. Geol. 388, 112-129 (2014).


Saal, A.E., Hauri, E.H., Langmuir, C.H. & Perfit, M.R.Vapor. Below saturation within the primitive basalt of the oceanic ridge and the risky content material of the higher mantle of the Earth. Nature 419, 451-455 (2002).


Rosenthal, A., Hauri, E.H. & Hirschmann, M.M. Experimental dedication of the separation of C, F and H between mantle minerals and carbonate basalt, systematic partial CO2 / Ba and CO2 / Nb fusion. Earth. Sci. Lett. 412, 77-87 (2015).


Workman, R.Ok. & Hart, S.R. Main and micronutrient composition of the depleted MORB mantle (DMM). Earth. Sci. Lett. 231, 53-72 (2005).


Jakobsson, M. et al. Worldwide Bathymetric Chart of the Arctic Ocean (IBCAO) model Geophysics Res. Lett. 39, 12609 (2012).


Ryan, W.B.F. et al. International synthesis of multi-resolution topography. Geochem. Geosystem Geosyst. 10, Q03014 (2010).