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Lightning over Kuwait and Saudi Arabia on this picture taken by astronauts aboard the Worldwide House Station.Credit score: NASA / JSC

A gaggle of cameras scanning Earth from the Worldwide House Station revealed how storms set off ray bursts. The mysterious electrical flashes above the storm clouds – invisible to the bare eye, however to not specialised cameras – have lengthy puzzled scientists. New information corroborate the idea that bursts are generated when electrically charged particles transfer alongside a storm conducting channel.

Nature | three min studying

Former German Protection Minister Ursula von der Leyen would be the subsequent president of the European Fee and put local weather change on the high of her agenda. In a speech to Parliament simply hours earlier than her election, Ms von der Leyen mentioned that the EU would pave the best way for local weather talks and enhance its personal greenhouse gasoline reductions. Von der Leyen can also be anticipated to announce a European Inexperienced Deal within the first 100 days of his time period, which would come with a legislation aimed toward making Europe carbon impartial by 2050. "I would like Europe to turn out to be the primary climate-neutral continent, "she says.

Nature | four min learn

Immunization protection in France and Italy has been widened following the extension of laws on obligatory vaccination. France, which has one of many highest charges of distrust of the best vaccines in Europe, is imposing 11 vaccinations on infants, and Italy insists that 10 vaccines are wanted. the security and effectiveness of vaccinations.

Nature | 2 min learn

Supply: Ref. 1


The astronomer Maria Elizabeth Zucolotto with a large meteorite who survived the hearth.Credit score: María Magdalena Arréllaga for Nature

The destruction of the Nationwide Museum in Rio de Janeiro was the largest scientific tragedy ever recorded in Brazil. On September 2, 2018, the hearth price tens of 1000’s of irreplaceable specimens. A lot of the 90 resident researchers misplaced all of their work and belongings. Ten months later, scientists clarify how they’re going ahead and concern for the nation's scientific heritage.

Nature | 13 min studying

Venki Ramakrishnan, president of the Royal Society of the UK, writes in a letter to Nature that the local weather of suspicion hovering over their Chinese language and American Chinese language communities in American universities is unhealthy for science and completely false. The internment of Japanese-People and the communist witch hunt of the McCarthy period throughout the Second World Struggle are examples of "presumed culprits" that shouldn’t be repeated.

Nature | 2 min learn

In numbers

1 of four

The approximate proportion of members of the US Nationwide Academy of Sciences and US Nobel Prize winners born exterior the USA, in response to Venki Ramakrishnan, president of the Royal Society of the UK .


Economist Cindy Holleman responds to a UN report that one in 4 individuals doesn’t have entry to a nutritious diet and that there are actually extra overweight than hungry individuals on the planet. (Reuters)

Learn extra: A brand new international analysis program on meals (Nature, from 2016)

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