July New Moon 2019: Complete photo voltaic eclipse, luminous planets and constellations
The brand new moon is July 2nd at three:16 pm EDT (1916 GMT), and can supply a complete photo voltaic eclipse that can traverse South America from South Buenos Aires to the town of La Serena, Chile.
When the moon is instantly between the earth and the solar, we name it the brand new moon. This happens each 29.5 days or so, at which period the 2 our bodies share the identical celestial longitude, an alignment additionally known as conjunction. (Celestial longitude is a projection of the Earth's personal strains of longitude on the celestial sphere).
Often, the illuminated aspect of the moon doesn’t face the Earth throughout the brand new moon, so it’s not seen to floor primarily based observers. This time, the moon will cross the solar and the end result might be an eclipse.
Associated: Complete Photo voltaic Eclipse 2019: Streams video and webcasts to observe reside
Throughout a photo voltaic eclipse, the moon's shadow isn’t seen everywhere in the Earth. The shadow of a spherical object takes on a conical form and is discovered on this area the place daylight is blocked. The moon is simply far sufficient away from Earth that the tip of the cone touches the Earth's floor, creating a complete photo voltaic eclipse. Generally the moon is just a bit additional away and the impact is an annular eclipse, during which the solar varieties a skinny ring, or ring, across the moon.
This complete photo voltaic eclipse might be seen alongside a observe that crosses the South Pacific roughly to the northeast earlier than turning to the southeast and crossing South America. In accordance with Eclipsewise.com, the shadow will first hit the Earth 1,900 kilometers east of New Zealand's North Island. Observers from Rarotonga, Cook dinner Islands, will see the solar rise on July 2 at 7:17 am native time, with the solar already partially overshadowed by the moon; In Rarotonga, the utmost eclipse happens round 7:52, when about half of the solar might be lined by the moon. The eclipse ends at eight:53.
The opposite islands that strategy, however not fairly, a complete eclipse are Rikitea in French Polynesia, the place the eclipse will start at eight:01 am native time. The utmost eclipse will happen at 9:17 am, at which period the solar might be 96% darker by the moon. The eclipse ends at 10:45 am on the island of Pitcairn, the eclipse begins at 9:07 am native time and reaches its most at 10:27 am, at which period the observers of the eclipse will see 97% of the time. daylight blocked. The eclipse ends at 11:58 native time.
This calendar for the photo voltaic eclipse of July 2, 2019 signifies when the eclipse might be seen – completely or partially – in cities of South America. (All instances are given in native time zones.)
(Picture credit score: Area.com)
The observe of the eclipse will comply with to the northeast till reaching some extent positioned virtually north of Easter Island. The partial eclipse on Easter Island begins at 11:48 native time. The eclipse is most at 13:21, however the moon will cowl much less the solar than in French Polynesia – about 75%. The eclipse ends at 14:54. native hour.
The shadow of the moon then turns to the southeast and at 15:22. native time touches the town of La Serena in Chile. The totality begins at 16:38. and can final 2 minutes and 18 seconds. The eclipse ends at 17:46
The following cease might be Argentina, the place the eclipse path runs by way of the provinces of San Juan, La Rioja, San Luis, Córdoba, Santa Fe and Buenos Aires. Within the metropolis of San Juan (capital of the province of the identical identify), the eclipse will begin at 16:26. native time and the entire will begin at 5:40 pm The entire will solely final about 36 seconds. From Argentina, the solar was setting on the finish of the eclipse; sundown at San Juan at 18:42 whereas the eclipse ends at 18:46
Additional east, the town of Bragado will expertise a complete of 1 minute 12 seconds. The eclipse begins at 16:33. native time and the entire begins at 17:42 The sundown is at 18:01 and the eclipse ends 40 minutes later. Thus, the moon will all the time block a considerable a part of the solar at sundown, offering alternatives to take spectacular pictures.
In Buenos Aires itself, the eclipse will start at 16:36. It won’t be an official complete eclipse – the overall protection of the solar might be 99.72%. The utmost eclipse is at 17:44. and the sundown is 10 minutes later.
This sky map reveals the celebrities and planets that might be seen in the course of the complete photo voltaic eclipse on July 2, 2019, when the day will change into briefly nocturnal in South America.
(Picture credit score: M. Druckmüller, P. Aniol, Ok. Delcourte, P. Horálek, L. Calçada / ESO)
And if you cannot go to South America? You may nonetheless watch the eclipse remotely by way of quite a lot of webcasts. Many planets and constellations are to be noticed instead of an eclipse.
For observers within the northern hemisphere within the early hours of July 2, Venus might be seen at about 9 levels above the horizon in New York round four.30 am native time, one hour earlier than dawn (at 5:29 am , native hour). At 9 pm, half an hour after sundown, fortunate observers may presumably catch Mercury, though from New York it’ll solely be 7 levels above the horizon and the planet goes to mattress at 21:39. Mars may even be low within the western sky.
Jupiter, in the meantime, would be the constellation of Ophiuchus, simply above Scorpius. At 9 pm. will probably be about 20 levels above the southeast horizon and observers from north-north latitudes will see the brilliant star Antares simply to the appropriate of the planet. With a transparent horizon, the whole Scorpius constellation might be seen till the wee hours of the morning. Round eight:50 pm native time, Saturn, which is in Sagittarius, may even rise and might be seen within the southern sky throughout the remainder of the night time, as a result of it didn’t set earlier than 6:05 native time.
You may know precisely when the solar, moon and planets might be seen from a selected location utilizing the Seen Planet Calculator from timeanddate.com.
Leo and the Virgin will each be excessive within the sky within the night and at 22 hours. Native time, Lyra, Cygnus and Aquila might be excessive sufficient that each one the summer time triangle asterism is seen. The summer time triangle consists of Vega (Alpha Lyrae), Deneb (Alpha Cygni) and Altair (Alpha Aquilae). At midnight, all three are close to the zenith and supply a ravishing view of the Milky Method from a web site at nighttime.
Editor's notice: If you need to share an incredible picture or video of the night time sky that you simply wish to share for a narrative or a picture gallery, please contact the managing editor, Tariq Malik, at spacephotos @ house. com.
You may comply with Area.com on Twitter @Spacedotcom and on Fb.